Recommendations for Eliminating Coccidia from Kennels
- Treat all dogs with sulfadimethoxine or tribrissen for 10 days
- Disinfect kennel areas, etc. with quaternary ammonium disinfectants which are effective in inactivating coccidian oocysts
- Bathe all dogs with shampoo to remove all fecal matter, rinse with water
- Rinse dogs with quaternary ammonium disinfectants, then water
- Allow kennels to dry thoroughly for several days
- Retreat with sulfadimethoxine or tribrissen for 7 days
- Treat any new dogs with sulfadimethoxine or tribrissen for 10 days even if they test negative for coccidia because it is so hard to detect in fecal tests. Note: The sulfa drugs do not kill the organisms, but rather inhibit their reproduction capabilities, elimination of the coccidian from the intestine is not rapid. By stopping the ability of the protozoa to reproduce, time is allowed for the puppy’s own immunity to develop and remove the organisms.
Disinfecting of Kennels
Thorough cleaning of all kennel areas where infected dogs have access is essential. Once organic debris has been removed, thorough disinfection will help to further reduce the level of environmental contamination and reduce the risk of dogs becoming re-infected after the completion of treatment.
Disinfectants containing quaternary ammonium compounds have been found to kill Coccidia oocysts at the manufacturers’ recommended dilutions (1:704 was found to be effective at both high and low temperatures).
Recommendations to disinfect kennels twice per month by washing everything down with a mixture of 8 ozs. of bleach per gallon of water. Make sure you let it set at least 20 minutes, rinse thoroughly, and then let it get completely dry before letting the dogs use the kennels again.
Important Note: The efficacy of killing is increased by prolonged contact time; therefore, disinfectant solution should be left on for 20-30 minutes before being rinsed off kennel or run surfaces. Since disinfection of grass runs is impossible, such area should be regarded as contaminated for at least a month after infected dogs last had access.